Guidelines for Authors

All submissions should be sent by email to

They must include two components: a title page and main text.

The title page includes the paper’s title (bold font, title case), the authors’ names, institutional affiliations (including country), corresponding author’s contact details, acknowledgments (including excavation and survey licenses and sources of funding), and a statement concerning potential competing interests. (This page will not be sent to the reviewers)

The main text must have the following elements: the paper’s title, an abstract (up to 200 words), keywords (up to 10), the main text, references, and a list of figures (captions should always include credit).


General formatting

Manuscripts should be submitted in MS word. They should be written in Times New Roman or Calibri 12-point font. Lines ought to be 1.5 or double-spaced and unjustified.


Spelling and punctuation 

Follow standard American English conventions for spelling and punctuation. Use double quotation marks (or single marks for a quotation within a quotation). Place the closing quotation mark after a comma or period. Use the “Oxford comma” in lists (e.g., “one, two, and three”).


Headings and subheadings

Should be numbered hierarchically (e.g., 1., 1.1., 1.2, 1.1.1, 2., etc.) and formatted as follows:

1. A Separate Line, Centered, Bold Font, Title Case (nouns are capitalized)

1.1. A separate line, aligned to the left, bold font, sentence case (first word capitalized)

1.1.1 A separate line, aligned to the left, italics font, sentence case (first word capitalized)

Minor subdivisions may be placed at the beginning of paragraphs. They should be indented, in bold font, in sentence case, and separated from the rest of the paragraph with a period.



Use italics only for book and journal titles, non-English terms, and transliterations. Do not italicize common abbreviations of Latin words, such as e.g., i.e., et al.



Quotes up to a hundred words in any language should be run in and enclosed with quotation marks. Longer quotations should be set apart as block quotations, including an indented paragraph and a smaller font size.


Numbers, measurements, and dates

In general, numbers from one to ten should be spelled out; for larger numbers, use numerals.

A range of numbers should be given in full with an en-dash between the numbers (e.g., 131–133).

Measurements should be provided in the metric system, and numerals should be used when combined with abbreviated units of measurement (e.g., 15 cm, 2 kg, 23 ha).

Common fractions should be spelled out (e.g., “one-third of the assemblage….”)

For percent and degrees, use the symbols % and °.

 Dates should be written in numbers (10th century BCE, 13th century CE).


Archaeological terms 

Do not abbreviate archaeological terms (stratum, locus, level, area, phase, etc.). These terms should be capitalized when used as proper nouns, i.e., designating a particular entity (Stratum IX, Level 3).

When referring to archaeological periods as a whole, they should not be abbreviated (e.g., Middle Bronze Age). When indicating specifiable subunits or used as modifiers, they should be abbreviated (e.g., LB II, MB IIA, an EB pit). Note, however, that “Iron Age” should always be spelled out in full (i.e., Iron Age I, an Iron Age floor).


Biblical citations 

Use the SBL abbreviations (Gen 1:2, Exod 3:4), except when the whole chapter is cited (Genesis 8).


Text citations 

Text citations should appear in parentheses and include the authors’ names, year of publication, and, when appropriate, page or figure numbers. Citation of items with four authors or more should include the first author’s name followed by “et al.”:

(Amiran 1969: 134, Pl. 41:11)

(Panitz-Cohen 2006: Pl. 23:10)

(Garfinkel and Ganor 2017: 22)

(Garfinkel, Ganor, and Hasel 2018)

(Gilboa et al. 2018: 161)

When several items of the same author and year are cited, they should be differentiated with a lower case letter (e.g., Garfinkel et al. 2019a).

Multiple references within the same citation should be given in chronological order, separated by semicolons:

(Ussishkin 2014: 203–205; Garfinkel et al. 2019a)

(Faust 2007a; 2015a)


List of references

The list must include all sources cited in the text (and these sources only) in alphabetical order and according to the format specified below. Add the DOI number of each publication, when applicable.


Journal articles

Byrne, R. 2007. The Refuge of Scribalism in Iron I Palestine. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 345: 1–31.

Charrad, M. M. and Adams, J. 2011. Introduction: Patrimonialism, Past and Present. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences 636: 6–15.

Sussman, V. 1963. Some Lamps from Gadot. Bulletin of the Israel Exploration Society 27: 192–194 (Hebrew).

Welton, L., Batiuk, S., and Harrison, T. P. 2011. Tell Tayinat in the Late Third Millennium: Recent Investigations of the Tayinat Archaeological Project, 2008–2010. Anatolica 37: 147–185.

Welton, L., Harrison, T. P., Batiuk, S., Ünlü, E., Janeway, B., Karakaya, D., Lipovitch, D., Lumb, D., and Roames, J. 2019. Shifting Networks and Community Identity at Tell Tayinat in the Iron I (ca. 12th to Mid-10th Century B.C.E.). American Journal of Archaeology 123/2: 291–333.



Albright, W. F. 1949. The Archaeology of Palestine. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin.

Diaz-Andreu, M., Lucy, S., Babić, S., and Edwards, D. N. 2005. The Archaeology of Identity: Approaches to Gender, Age, Status, Ethnicity, and Religion. London: Routledge.

Dietrich, W. 2007. The Early Monarchy in Israel: The Tenth Century B.C.E. SBL Biblical Encyclopedia 3. Atlanta: SBL Press.

Levy, T. E. and Higham, T. eds. 2005. The Bible and Radiocarbon Dating: Archaeology, Text and Science. London: Equinox.

Stern, E. 2001. Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Vol. 2: The Assyrian, Babylonian and Persian Periods, 732–332 B.C. New York: Doubleday.

Wolff, H. W. 1977. Joel and Amos: A Commentary on the Books of the Prophets Joel and Amos. Trans. W. Janzen, S. D. McBride Jr., and C. A. Muenchow, from German; ed. S. D. McBride, Jr. Philadelphia: Fortress.


Articles or chapters in books

Barako, T. J. 2009. Solomon’s Patrimonial Kingdom: A View from the Land of Gilead. Pp. 5–15 in Exploring the Longue Durée: Essays in Honor of Lawrence E. Stager, ed. J. D. Schloen. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns.

Batiuk, S., Harrison, T. P., and Pavlish, L. 2005. The Ta’yinat Survey, 1999–2002. Pp. 171–192 in The Amuq Valley Regional Projects, Vol. 1: Surveys in the Plain of Antioch and Orontes Delta, Turkey, 1995–2002, ed. K. A. Yener. Oriental Institute Publications, No. 131. Chicago: Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago Press.

Mazzoni, S. 2000a. Crisis and Change: The Beginning of the Iron Age in Syria. Pp. 1043–1055 in Proceedings of the First International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, Rome, May 18–23, 1998, ed. P. Matthiae, A. Enea, L. Peyronel, and F. Pinnock. Rome: Università degli studi di Roma “La Sapienza.”



Oakeshott, M. F. 1978. A Study of the Iron Age II Pottery of East Jordan with Special Reference to Unpublished Material from Edom. Ph.D. dissertation, University of London.


Conference papers

Greer, J. S., Hesse, B., and Wapnish, P. 2009. Sacrifice and Feasting at Tel Dan? “Bone Readings” and Data Mining from a Huge Sample. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Schools of Oriental Research, New Orleans.


Book reviews

Kitchen, K. A. 1991. Review of Egypt, Israel, Sinai: Archaeological and Historical Relationships in the Biblical Period, ed. A. F. Rainey. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 77: 204–206.


Electronic sources

Knappett, C. 2000. The Provenance of Red Lustrous Wheel-made Ware: Cyprus. Syria or Anatolia? Internet Archaeology 9. (accessed 12 November 2013).




Number line drawings and photographs as a single, consecutive list of figures according to their order of appearance in the text. Refer to them in the text as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, and so forth.

Submit figures as TIFF or JPG files. Photographs should be saved at a minimum of 300 dpi and line art at 800–1200 dpi. File names should be labeled fig. 1, fig. 2, etc.

Include a statement of scale in the figure caption if there is no scale in the figure itself. Maps and plans should include a north arrow.

The authors are responsible for securing written permission for all the figures they do not hold the copyrights. Credits for photographs and illustrations should include the photographer’s or illustrator’s full name and be provided in parentheses in the caption.