Hebrew Bible

Ben-Yosef, E., 2021. Rethinking the Social Complexity of Early Iron Age Nomads. Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology , 1 , pp. 155-179.Abstract

Recent evidence from the Aravah Valley challenges the prevailing assumption

that Bedouin ethnography and inferences from ancient Near Eastern archives

can adequately compensate for the archaeological lacuna in the study of

biblical-era nomads. The evidence indicates that nomadic social organization

at the turn of the 1st millennium BCE could have been – and in at least one

case was – far more complex than ever considered before. This paper discusses

the implications of the now extended spectrum of possible interpretations

of nomads to the archaeological discourse on early Iron Age state formation

processes in the Southern Levant.  

 

Keimer, K.H., 2021. Evaluating the “United Monarchy” of Israel: Unity and Identity in Text and Archaeology. Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology , 1 , pp. 68-101.Abstract

The article argues that many interpretations of the so-called “United Monarchy” of Saul, David, and Solomon are built upon false assumptions and problematic hermeneutics, not to mention that they draw upon anachronistic terminology. The article provides a brief overview of the use of the terms “United Monarchy” and “Davidic/Solomonic Empire” in modern scholarship before turning to recent attempts to theorize and model ancient monarchies, including the ways in which ancient kingdoms controlled territory and how leaders legitimized their power and expressed their authority in a manner that unified their constituencies. From there

it re-evaluates the biblical portrayal of the monarchies of Saul, David, and Solomon, considering in particular the nature of early Israel’s political and social unity and identity, before turning to the potential archaeological correlates of political power during the reigns of these kings.