The early 10th-century BCE pottery assemblage from Khirbet al-Ra‘I is presented. The assemblage, which came from a few rooms that were suddenly destroyed, offers a large number of complete profiles. This is the second largest pottery assemblage, after that of Khirbet Qeiyafa, of this poorly known ceramic phase.
In the framework of the regional project in the Judean Shephelah, which
started in 2007, four sites were investigated: Khirbet Qeiyafa, Khirbet el-Ra‘i,
Socoh, and Lachish. The data for the 10th century is presented here together
with the relevant biblical traditions. The data is analyzed according to an urban
geography model and the gradual development and territorial expansion of the
Kingdom of Judah is suggested.