10th century BCE

Thomas, Z., Keimer, K.H. & Garfinkel, Y., 2021. The Early Iron Age IIA Ceramic Assemblage from Khirbet al-Ra‘i. Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology , 1 , pp. 375-449.Abstract

The early 10th-century BCE pottery assemblage from Khirbet al-Ra‘I is presented. The assemblage, which came from a few rooms that were suddenly destroyed, offers a large number of complete profiles. This is the second largest pottery assemblage, after that of Khirbet Qeiyafa, of this poorly known ceramic phase.

Kang, H.-G. & Garfinkel, Y., 2021. The Fortifications of Areas CC and BC at Tel Lachish. Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology , 1 , pp. 352-374.Abstract

During the Fourth Expedition to Tel Lachish in the years 2014-2017 a series of fortifications was uncovered in Area CC, in the center of the northern edge of the mound. In addition to the previously known city walls of Levels I–IV, the expedition discovered a new city wall, built in Level V and dated to the late 10th and the first half of the 9th centuries BCE.

Greenhut, Z., 2021. Moẓa during the 10th–9th Centuries BCE: The Results of Excavation Seasons 1993, 2002, and 2003 and their Reflection in a Wider Judahite Context. Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology , 1 , pp. 180-202.Abstract

The paper discusses the finds of the Late Bronze Age, the Iron Age I/IIA, and the Iron Age IIA from the excavations at Moẓa during the years 1993, 2002, and 2003. The site is discussed in its historical framework, relating to Shishak’s campaign to Palestine, as well as in its wider Judahite archaeological context during those periods.

Garfinkel, Y., 2021. The 10th Century BCE in Judah: Archaeology and the Biblical Tradition. Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology , 1 , pp. 126-154.Abstract

In the framework of the regional project in the Judean Shephelah, which

started in 2007, four sites were investigated: Khirbet Qeiyafa, Khirbet el-Ra‘i,

Socoh, and Lachish. The data for the 10th century is presented here together

with the relevant biblical traditions. The data is analyzed according to an urban

geography model and the gradual development and territorial expansion of the

Kingdom of Judah is suggested.


Dever, W.G., 2021. Solomon, Scripture, and Science: The Rise of the Judahite State in the 10th Century BCE. Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology , 1 , pp. 102-125.Abstract

This paper compares evidence from stratified sites that are well dated by radiocarbon analyses, ceramic typology, and a critical reading of the pertinent texts of the Hebrew Bible. The results show that by the 10th century BCE in Judah we have a polity that represents a centralized state or kingdom. It was likely ruled by Solomon, even if the “larger-than-life” portrait of the Bible is exaggerated.