Khirbet al-Ra‘i

Rollston, C., et al., 2021. The Jerubba‘al Inscription from Khirbet al-Ra‘i:A Proto-Canaanite (Early Alphabetic) Inscription. Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology , 2 , pp. 1-15.Abstract
This article presents a Proto-Canaanite inscription written in ink on a
jug. It was unearthed in 2019 at Khirbet al-Ra‘i, located 4 km west of Tel
Lachish, in a level dated to the late twelfth or early eleventh century BCE.
Only part of the inscription had survived, with five letters indicating the
personal name Yrb‘l ( Jerubba‘al). This name also appears in the biblical
tradition, more or less in the same era: “[Gideon] from that day was
called Yrb‘l” ( Judg. 6:31–32). This inscription, together with similar
inscriptions from Beth-Shemesh and Khirbet Qeiyafa, contributes to a
better understanding of the distribution of theophoric names with the
element ba‘al in the eleventh–tenth centuries BCE in Judah.
Thomas, Z., Keimer, K.H. & Garfinkel, Y., 2021. The Early Iron Age IIA Ceramic Assemblage from Khirbet al-Ra‘i. Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology , 1 , pp. 375-449.Abstract

The early 10th-century BCE pottery assemblage from Khirbet al-Ra‘I is presented. The assemblage, which came from a few rooms that were suddenly destroyed, offers a large number of complete profiles. This is the second largest pottery assemblage, after that of Khirbet Qeiyafa, of this poorly known ceramic phase.

Garfinkel, Y., 2021. The 10th Century BCE in Judah: Archaeology and the Biblical Tradition. Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology , 1 , pp. 126-154.Abstract

In the framework of the regional project in the Judean Shephelah, which

started in 2007, four sites were investigated: Khirbet Qeiyafa, Khirbet el-Ra‘i,

Socoh, and Lachish. The data for the 10th century is presented here together

with the relevant biblical traditions. The data is analyzed according to an urban

geography model and the gradual development and territorial expansion of the

Kingdom of Judah is suggested.